European law puts consumers at the heart of EU energy policies and includes provisions for energy communities, empowering citizens to participate in the energy market. However, national governments are still integrating them in national laws.
This report analyses the national laws for energy communities in Belgium, Germany, Italy, Latvia, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal and Spain. Moreover, it provides information about the technical conditions to create energy communities in these countries.
The document has been developed with a policy focus but it can provide very interesting insights into the legal context and support schemes for energy communities in the analysed countries. More specifically, it focuses on:
It also includes annexes with further descriptions of the following regions:
Analysis of the business model of Klimaatpunt/ Pajo Power, a Belgian cooperative that offers advice to households on energy savings and sustainable renovations.
Analysis of the political, economic, social, technological, legal, and environmental factors relevant to citizen-led renovation in the Netherlands.
Analysis of the political, economic, social, technological, legal, and environmental factors relevant to citizen-led renovation in Flanders (Belgium).
Whether you don’t know where to start from or you are stuck with a specific issue in the development of your energy community, an expert can help you.